8 Easy Steps on How to Wire a Plug
There comes a time in every person's life where you just want to risk getting shocked. Here is that time.
Below are instructions on how to wire a plug. These are basic instructions for a basic plug.
Important Safety Note: Make sure everything is unplugged from any sort of power source. Don't be a dumb dumb.
Disclaimer: I am not an electrician.
What you'lL Need:
Step 1: Cut Wire To Desired Length
Think about how much wire you'll need. Take into consideration where the nearest outlet is and if you'll want some extra room. Add 6 inches for good measure.
Step 2: Cut away 1'' of Outer cotton layer of wire
Remove 1" of cloth on the end of the wire. Unravel the cotton or rayon, snipping it away incrementally using the finest scissors you have.
Be very careful not to cut into the inner plastic layer beneath the cloth. If you do, game over. Just kidding. You'll just have to cut off that piece and start again.
Step 3: self-fusing silicone tape to wrap edges of cotton
Using the tape to wrap the outer edges of the cotton wire will make sure that it doesn't continue unraveling. Think of it like a loose strand on a sweater, once you start pulling it keeps going and going.
Step 4: Remove Plastic Cover to Expose Copper Wire
Using your wire stripper gage you'll want to remove the plastic layer to expose the copper wire.
Pick the correct size gage on the wire stripper and clamp on to the wire a little less than 1" down from the end.
While clamped on, squeeze handle and pull up to remove plastic layer.
Be carful not to cut into the copper wire. Once wire is exposed make sure there are no loose strands of copper.
Step 5: Tie Underwriter's Knot in the Wire
Make a loop on each wire. Take end of wire and pass it through oppisite loop and do the same with other loop. The knot helps keep the wires connected to the socket even with some weight applied to the plug.
Step 6: IMPORTANT! Identify "Hot Wire" and Neutral Wire"
This is the part you do not want to screw up. If you do you risk the chance of getting zapped. No Bueno.
The hot wire carries the electricity to to the socket and is attached to the hot side of the socket.
The Neutral wire acts like a ground wire and is attached to the neutral side of the socket.
***WAYS TO IDENTIFY WHICH WIRE IS WHICH***
Black outer protective plastic
The copper wire is smooth
There is no stripe on the plastic part of the wire - it's plain.
White outer protective plastic
The copper wire is ribbed
Stripe on the plastic part of the wire - white stripe is shown.
Step 7: IMPORTANT! Identify "Hot" and "Neutral" Side of Plug
There is a hot and neutral side to a plug where you will attach the hot wire to the hot side of plug and the neutral wire to the neutral side of plug.
***WAYS TO IDENTIFY HOT & NEUTRAL SIDE OF PLUG***
Hot Side of Plug: Hot side of plug will have a Narrow Prong and may also be gold colored.
Neutral Side of Plug: Neutral side of plug will have a Wide Prong and may also be silver colored
Step 8: Attach Hot Wire to Hot Side of Plug and Attach Neutral Wire to Neutral Side of Plug
Once you've identified which side is which (See step 6 and 7) you can now hook the wires to the plug.
Take the hot wire and loop the copper part around the gold screw of the socket.
Tighten down on the gold screw with screw driver until the screw is firmly pressed down on the wire.
Take the neutral wire and loop the copper part around the silver screw of the plug.
Tighten down on the silver screw with screw driver until the screw is firmly pressed down on the wire.
Congratulations. Crack open a cold one with your f/POP and toast to your electrician skills.